Through the symbols Conrad compares and contrasts the East and the West, so Africa became a place of darkness and the dark color that Joseph Conrad use as a symbol refers the evil, primitive and inferiority of Africans and Africa.
His family and other relatives were sentenced to harsh punishment by Russian authorities for that reason many of them suffered in terms physical and psychological problems. It is discussed that some Western intellectuals such as writers and poets represent the East as a place of mystery and fantasy.
It would be curious indeed if Conrad had been a late 19th Century European who was not racist. The imagery that Conrad uses is very vivid. Does he use racist language because he is a racist, or in order to make a point about European prejudice?
Does Conrad represent women in sexist ways because he is sexist, or in order to call out sexism? The symbolism in Heart of Darkness is what makes the novel so amazing and puzzling. He is one of the intellectuals criticized both in a positive and in a negative way upon the representation the relationship between the West and the East.
Colonizing activities of European countries in Heart of Darkness enable to perceive the brutality of colonization and imperialism. The world is absurd and ironic as Kurtz choose not to restrain himself to something that is entirely pointless. In the third chapter the psychoanalytic approach will be applied to the Heart of Darkness from the Freudian perspective to dive into the unconscious of the main character Charlie Marlow who represents the author himself.
Responses to Heart of Darkness Conrad and the Critics: It is clear that the voyage represents the conflicts in human mind. Joseph Conrad successfully represents the realities of the period, but the way he addresses to the indigenous or African show the aspects of an Orientalist writer.
When we examine the way in which Europeans are portrayed in the novel they can hardly be seen as sympathetic. Africa was one of the colonies of England, and they exploited Africans under the name of the enlightening of Africa, but it has been just a policy of England.
Heart of darkness is discussed as one of the most famous literary texts written on the western imperial activities in the first half of the twentieth century. He represents his characters in a way that they try to get rid of imprisonment of the meaningless world.
Joseph Conrad is criticized as one of these orientalist writers due to the representation of Africa. Kurtz enables Marlow to find the self, and the experiences in the Congo River cause psychological problems he never overcomes. The manager brings Kurtz, who is quite ill, aboard the steamer.
The projection of Africa as a dark place, backward and mythical proves that Joseph Conrad approaches as an orientalist writer.
Both Feminist theory would argue that the reasoning behind this lack of strong female voices in literary works is that women are always described and examined in relation to man. Both are perfectly intentional and leave the audience with an impression of a scene, rather than a fully rendered picture.
First chapter represents the important effects of colonialism and imperialism, not only in Africa, but also in some other countries in the East. He is an ivory trader who represents the brutality of the colonizers in Africa. The description 33 of the events, Congo River, and symbolic representation of Characters such as Kurtz show that Conrad focuses on the idea of superiority.
His father was known with his politic writings and protests against Russian and Australian imperialistic ideologies and oppression. Kurtz is rumored to be ill, making the delays in repairing the ship all the more costly. When the nature, the river and the environment are described by narrator Africa becomes a place of mystery, myth and a place of exoticism in the sense that it represents the western dreams of the East and their viewpoints, their image of Africa and their misinterpretations.
The effects of trauma begin in childhood and continue when a person matured. This construct is becoming familiar, as it seems to occupy many of the critics.
They—the women I mean—are out of it—should be out of it Conrad, Works Cited Barry, Peter. Kurtz also has some repressed feelings as a character.4 Introduction: Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness is considered one of the great works of English literature.
The early responses to the novella praised the novella and. A short summary of Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness. This free synopsis covers all the crucial plot points of Heart of Darkness. Albert Guerard (Language, Psychoanalysis) asserts that Heart of Darkness isn’t really about Africa, it’s a metaphor for a psychological exploration to the heart of human nature and the animal selves that lurk beneath our civilized veneers.
The true darkness is the beast within, and the ease with which we may backslide when external constrictions are removed. Apr 29, · I have read a good psychoanalytic approach to Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness which is NOT a FREUDIAN Psychoanalytic approach (in the way Freud intended psychoanalysis to be used on literature).
Edward is right on currclickblog.com: Rei. Further Study. Test your knowledge of Heart of Darkness with our quizzes and study questions, or go further with essays on the context and background and links to the best resources around the web.
Jun 12, · This research work has shed light on Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness () through Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theory. JOSEPH CONRAD’S HEART OF DARKNESS: A PSYCHOANALYTIC APPROACH TO THE CHARACTER OF KURTZ Through our analysis drawing on Freud’s theory of psychoanalysis, we intend to highlight the opposing 5/5(6).Download